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The results from a survey of 1,200 informal workers in Tunisia are now available as part of GFI's Tunisian Inclusive Labor Initiative (TILI). The survey was administered by GFI along with local partners: the Tunisian Association for Management and Social Stability (TAMSS), Partners for Democratic Change (PDC) and Tunisian survey firm ISTIS. The survey was conducted in six regions throughout Tunisia: Tunis, El Kef, Kasserine, Gafsa, Sfax, and Mednine.
The full report, in its original French, can be found on the TAMSS website here.
Or, read the full report translated into English here.
- More than two-thirds (72.42%) of households of informal workers earn an average monthly income of 300DT. 25.67% of households are comprised of four individuals and 22.78% are comprised of five.
- 51.5% have at most a primary education, 11.3% have at most some University education, 32% (one third) have a qualifications diploma
Previous and Current Employment Situation:
- 51.3% were previously employed prior to starting their current informal work, 67.4% of those were previously employed in the informal sector
- Half of those who are between 20 and 29 are looking for another job
- Among those who are looking for another job, 76.5% want a job with social security
Attitudes and Experiences of Informal Workers:
- 95.77% of employees have no employment contract
- 98.2% say that overtime is not paid
- 16.17% have the right to day offs and rest
- 48.4% choose to working informally because of a need for money, 49.18% say working informally is a personal choice and they lack of access to better jobs.
- 61.12% think that their skill sets and training do not match their current work
- 19% of the surveyed population benefits from the state social programs
- 30% say they do not expect anything from the government
- 80% believe that the current situation in Tunisia is incomprehensible and questionable, 12% have confidence in the future
Procedures, Legislation and Administrative Services:
- 68.6% of informal workers have no information on government work programs
- 90% of informal workers do not know the steps to formalize their activities
- More than 90% of the surveyed population has no information on minimum wage, labor contracts and labor other rights
- Only 12% are aware of the procedures and steps to join social security
- 21% of independents say they are interested in formalizing but do not know procedures, 26% have never thought of the possibility
- 90% of independents that do not have a license have not tried to register because they feel that their activities do not require a license (59%) or because they do not want to pay taxes (16.7 %)
- The main factors encouraging formalization are: access to finance, lower tax costs and assistance for registration, while bureaucracy (36.2%) and nepotism (33.4%) are considered major barriers to formalization